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ΟΡΚΟΣ 
قسم أبقراط 
IUSIURANDUM (?) 
SERMENT 
Oath 
The Oath - By Hippocrates 
Ὄμνυμι Ἀπόλλωνα ἰητρὸν, καὶ Ἀσκληπιὸν, καὶ Ὑγείαν, καὶ Πανάκειαν, καὶ θεοὺς πάντας τε καὶ πάσας, 
إني أقسم بالله رب الحياة والموت وواهب الصحة وأقسم بأسقليبيوس وبخالق الشفاء وكل علاج وأقسم بأولياء الله من الرجال والنساء جميعا 
Iuro per Apollinem medicum et Sanitiam et Remediatiam et deos universos et universas, 
Je jure par Apollon, médecin, par Esculape, par Hygie et Panacée, par tous les dieux el toutes les déesses, 
Hippocrates said: I swear in the name of God, the Master of life and death, the Giver of health and Creator of healing and of every treatment, and I swear in the name of Aesculapius, and of all the holy ones of god, male and female, 
I swear by Apollo, the physician, and Aesculapius, and Health, and All-heal, and all the gods and goddesses, 
ἵστορας ποιεύμενος, ἐπιτελέα ποιήσειν κατὰ δύναμιν καὶ κρίσιν ἐμὴν ὅρκον τόνδε καὶ ξυγγραφὴν τήνδε· 
وأشهدهم جميعا على أني أفي بهذه اليمين وهذا الشرط 
scitores faciens, perficiam secundem possibilitatem et actionem et iudicium meum iuramentum hoc et conscriptionem istam. 
les prenant à témoin que je remplirai, suivant mes forces et ma capacité, le serment et l’engagement suivants: 
and I call them to witness, that I will fulfil this oath and this conditions. 
that, according to my ability and judgment, I will keep this Oath and this stipulation- 
ἡγήσασθαι μὲν τὸν διδάξαντά με τὴν τέχνην ταύτην ἴσα γενέτῃσιν ἐμοῖσι, 
وأرى أن المعلم لي هذه الصناعة بمنزلة آبائي 
eum qui docuit me artem hanc introducere inter meos, 
Je mettrai mon maître de médecine au même rang que les auteurs de mes jours, 
I will regard my teacher in this art as my father, 
to reckon him who taught me this Art equally dear to me as my parents, 
καὶ βίου κοινώσασθαι, καὶ χρεῶν χρηΐζοντι μετάδοσιν ποιήσασθαι, 
وأواسيه في معاشي وإذا احتاج إلى مال واسيته وواصلته من مالي 
et communicare in vita, et in quo indiget dationem facere, 
je partagerai avec lui mon avoir, et, le cas échéant, je pourvoirai à ses besoins; 
I will share with him my means of livelihood, and I will make him my partner in my wealth, and I will give him my wealth whenever he may be in need of it. 
to share my substance with him, and relieve his necessities if required; 
καὶ γένος τὸ ἐξ ωὐτέου ἀδελφοῖς ἴσον ἐπικρινέειν ἄῤῥεσι, καὶ διδάξειν τὴν τέχνην ταύτην, ἢν χρηΐζωσι μανθάνειν, ἄνευ μισθοῦ καὶ ξυγγραφῆς, 
وأما الجنس المتناسل منه فأرى أنه مساو لأخوتي وأعلم هذه الصناعة إن احتاجوا إلى تعلمها بغير أجرة ولا شرط 
et genus quod ab ipso fratribus aequale iudicare eligam. et docebo artem hanc eos qui indigent discere absque pretio et conscriptione, 
je tiendrai ses enfants pour des frères, et, s’ils désirent apprendre la médecine, je la leur enseignerai sans salaire ni engagement. 
As for his descendants, I regard them as my brothers, and I will teach them this art without any remuneration or condition, should they desire to learn it. 
to look upon his offspring in the same footing as my own brothers, and to teach them this art, if they shall wish to learn it, without fee or stipulation; 
παραγγελίης τε καὶ ἀκροήσιος καὶ τῆς λοιπῆς ἁπάσης μαθήσιος μετάδοσιν ποιήσασθαι υἱοῖσί τε ἐμοῖσι, καὶ τοῖσι τοῦ ἐμὲ διδάξαντος, 
وأشرك أولادي وأولاد المعلم لي 
et delusione et intemperantia et de reliqua universa disciplina traditionem facer filiis meis et eius qui me docuit 
Je ferai part des préceptes, des leçons orales et du reste de l’enseignement à mes fils, à ceux de mon maître, 
And I associate together (i.e. regard as equal), in the injunctions and in the sciences contained in the art, my own children, the children of my teacher, 
and that by precept, lecture, and every other mode of instruction, I will impart a knowledge of the Art to my own sons, and those of my teachers, 
καὶ μαθηταῖσι συγγεγραμμένοισί τε καὶ ὡρκισμένοις νόμῳ ἰητρικῷ, ἄλλῳ δὲ οὐδενί. 
والتلاميذ الذين كتب عليهم الشرط أو حلفوا بالناموس الطبي في الوصايا والعلوم وسائر ما في الصناعة وأما غير هؤلاء فلا أفعل به ذلك 
et edoctis et temperatis et iuratis legi medicinali, alii autem nulli. 
et aux disciples liés par un engagement et un serment suivant la loi médicale, mais à nul autre. 
and the disciples on whom the oath (or covenant) has been imposed, and who have sworn to observe the medical code of honour. And I will not do so for any other than these. 
and to disciples bound by a stipulation and oath according to the law of medicine, but to none others. 
Διαιτήμασί τε χρήσομαι ἐπ’ ὠφελείῃ καμνόντων κατὰ δύναμιν καὶ κρίσιν ἐμὴν, 
وأقصد في جميع التدابير بقدر طاقتي منفعة المرضى 
dietationibusque utar omnibus iuvamento laborantium secundum possibilitatem et iudicum meum, 
Je dirigerai le régime des malades à leur avantage, suivant mes forces et mon jugement, 
In all my treatment I will strive so far as lies in my power for the benefit of the patients. 
I will follow that system of regimen which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, 
ἐπὶ δηλήσει δὲ καὶ ἀδικίῃ εἴρξειν. 
وأما الأشياء التي تضر بهم وتدني منهم بالجور عليهم فامنع منها بحسب رأيي 
et de incusatione et iniustitia prohibebor. 
et je m’abstiendrai de tout mal et de toute injustice. 
And I will restrain myself from things which are injurious to them, or are likely in my opinion to do them harm. 
and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous. 
Οὐ δώσω δὲ οὐδὲ φάρμακον οὐδενὶ αἰτηθεὶς θανάσιμον, οὐδὲ ὑφηγήσομαι ξυμβουλίην τοιήνδε· 
ولا أعطي إذا طلب مني دواء قتالا ولا أشير أيضا بمثل هذه المشورة 
neque dabo ulli farmacum rogatus mortale, neque narrabo consilium tale. 
Je ne remettrai à personne du poison, si on m’en demande, ni ne prendrai l’initiative d’une pareille suggestion; 
And I will not give them any poisonous drug if they ask for it, nor will I advise them thus. 
I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; 
ὁμοίως δὲ οὐδὲ γυναικὶ πεσσὸν φθόριον δώσω. 
وكذلك أيضا لا أرى أن أدني من النسوة فرزجة تسقط الجنين 
similiter autem neque mulieri pessarium corruptivum dabo. 
semblablement, je ne remettrai à aucune femme un pessaire abortif. 
Nor will I contemplate administering any pessary which may cause abortion. 
and in like manner I will not give to a woman a pessary to produce abortion. 
Ἁγνῶς δὲ καὶ ὁσίως διατηρήσω βίον τὸν ἐμὸν καὶ τέχνην τὴν ἐμήν. 
وأحفط نفسي في تدبيري وصناعتي على الزكاء والطهارة 
pure vero et sancte servabo vitam meam et artem meam. 
Je passerai ma vie et j’exercerai mon art dans l’innocence et la pureté. 
And in my treatment and in the practice of my art I will keep myself pure and holy. 
With purity and with holiness I will pass my life and practice my Art. 
Οὐ τεμέω δὲ οὐδὲ μὴν λιθιῶντας, ἐκχωρήσω δὲ ἐργάτῃσιν ἀνδράσι πρήξιος τῆσδε. 
ولا أشق أيضا عمن في مثانته حجارة ولكن أترك ذلك إلى من كانت حرفته هذا العمل 
non incidam autem neque lapidatatem patientes, sed dimattam hoc opus hominibus huius operationis. 
Je ne pratiquerai pas l’opération de la taille, je la laisserai aux gens qui s’en occupent. 
And I will not operate on those who have stone in the bladder; rather I will leave it for those whose profession it is. 
I will not cut persons laboring under the stone, but will leave this to be done by men who are practitioners of this work. 
Ἐς οἰκίας δὲ ὁκόσας ἂν ἐσίω, ἐσελεύσομαι ἐπ’ ὠφελείῃ καμνόντων, 
وكل المنازل التي أدخلها إنما أدخل إليها لمنفعة المرضى 
ad domos autem ad quotcumque ivero, ibo ad utilitatem eorum qui laborant, 
Dans quelque maisons que j’entre, j’y entrerai pour l’utilité des malades, 
And I will enter every abode into which I may go only for the benefit of the sick, 
Into whatever houses I enter, I will go into them for the benefit of the sick, 
ἐκτὸς ἐὼν πάσης ἀδικίης ἑκουσίης καὶ φθορίης, 
وأنا بحال خارجة عن كل جور وظلم وفساد بإرادتي مقصود إليه منه 
absque omni iniustitia spontanea et corruptive alia, 
me préservant de tout méfait volontaire et corrupteur, 
being in a state devoid of (all deliberate intention of) wrong-doing, injustice mischief-making, 
and will abstain from every voluntary act of mischief and corruption; 
τῆς τε ἄλλης καὶ ἀφροδισίων ἔργων ἐπί τε γυναικείων σωμάτων καὶ ἀνδρῴων, ἐλευθέρων τε καὶ δούλων. 
في سائر الأشياء وفي الجماع للنساء والرجال الأحرار منهم والعبيد 
et venereorum operum in mulieribus corporibus liberorum et servorum. 
et surtout de la séduction des femmes et des garçons, libres ou esclaves. 
such as might be intended in all other transactions, or in respect of sexual relations with woman or man, whether free or slaves. 
and, further from the seduction of females or males, of freemen and slaves. 
Ἃ δ’ ἂν ἐν θεραπείῃ ἢ ἴδω, ἢ ἀκούσω, ἢ καὶ ἄνευ θεραπηΐης κατὰ βίον ἀνθρώπων, ἃ μὴ χρή ποτε ἐκλαλέεσθαι ἔξω, σιγήσομαι, ἄῤῥητα ἡγεύμενος εἶναι τὰ τοιαῦτα. 
وأما الأشياء التي أعاينها في أوقات علاج المرضى أو أسمعها في غير أوقات علاجهم في تصرف الناس من الأشياء التي لا ينطق بها خارجا فأمسك عنها وأرى أن أمثالها لا ينطق به 
ea vero quae in cura videro aut audivero, vel etiam absqua cura de vitis hominum, quae non sit conveniens loqui extra, tacebo, ceu neque videre ea putans. 
Quoi que je voie ou entende dans la société pendant l’exercice ou même hors de l’exercice de ma profession, je tairai ce qui n’a jamais besoin d’être divulgué, regardant la discrétion comme un devoir en pareil cas. 
And as of the things which I may see or hear during the time of treating the sick, or at times other than those in which I am so engaged, about such behaviour of men as should not be talked of outside, I will keep silence, considering that such things should not be discussed. 
Whatever, in connection with my professional practice or not, in connection with it, I see or hear, in the life of men, which ought not to be spoken of abroad, I will not divulge, as reckoning that all such should be kept secret. 
Ὅρκον μὲν οὖν μοι τόνδε ἐπιτελέα ποιέοντι, καὶ μὴ ξυγχέοντι, εἴη ἐπαύρασθαι καὶ βίου καὶ τέχνης δοξαζομένῳ παρὰ πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις ἐς τὸν αἰεὶ χρόνον· 
فمن أكمل هذه اليمين ولم يفسد شيئا كان له أن يكمل تدبيره وصناعته على أفضل الأحوال وأجملها وأن يحمده جميع الناس فيما يأتي من الزمان دائما 
iuramentum itaque meum et conscriptionem hanc qui perfectum facit et non confringit erit diligibilis ut augeatur et in vita et arte honorandus ab omnibus hominibus insempiterno tempore, 
Si je remplis ce serment sans l’enfreindre, qu’il me soit donné de jouir heureusement de la vie et de ma profession, honoré à jamais parmi les hommes; 
He who fulfils this oath and does not violate any part of it, to him will it be granted to carry out his treatment and his art under the most excellent and favourable conditions, and to be praised by all men in future for ever; 
While I continue to keep this Oath unviolated, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and the practice of the art, respected by all men, in all times! 
παραβαίνοντι δὲ καὶ ἐπιορκοῦντι, τἀναντία τουτέων. 
ومن تجاوز ذلك كان بضده 
transgredienti autem et deieranti contraria horum. 
si je le viole et que je me parjure, puissé-je avoir un sort contraire! 
while the contrary will be the portion of him who transgresses it. 
But should I trespass and violate this Oath, may the reverse be my lot! 
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Utviklet av: Jens Braarvig, Asgeir Nesøen, Damir Nedic and Heidi Løken
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